Resources

All documents

Axing the leap second is not science — it is a defeat against it

Blog post ⋮ November 2022

New After years of debate, leap seconds will be abandoned as of 2035. The decision calls for science to come up with a solution, where in fact, it is a total defeat - in order to protect an obsolete Unix design.

Three types of VPN and why only two of them make sense for company use

Infographic ⋮ October 2022

VPN is a generic label for several different use cases, in which data in transit on the Internet are protected by a tunnel. Three main types exists that should not be mixed up.

Network diagram legend

Data sheet ⋮ February 2022

Overview of network diagram symbols with meaning and proposed annotations.

Insecurity by transparency

Blog post ⋮ February 2022

Publishing security fixes on open-source platforms creates an opportunity for attackers to exploit the underlying vulnerabilities, which exceeds the usual case of not-yet-patched systems.

Network diagram legend

Data sheet ⋮ January 2022

Overview of network diagram symbols with meaning and proposed annotations.

Standardised symbology for network diagrams

White paper ⋮ January 2022

Every technical disciplin has its own standardised symbology — only network technology so far does not. Circle Networks thus introduced uniform symbols for network diagrams.

Configuring StrongSwan through swanctl.conf

Blog post ⋮ November 2021

StrongSwan's new configuration file, swanctl.conf, introduces clearer terminology and thus simplifies setting up remote access.

Attack surfaces and attack vectors

White paper ⋮ October 2021

What is an attack vector? What is the attack surface and is it necessary, to keep it as small as possible? There are many contradictory answers. Circle Networks uses simple and practical definitions for both.

Assessing IT security risks

White paper ⋮ August 2021

The assessment of IT security risks is often complicated and many models are contradictory. Circle Networks' risk assessment model uses simple terminology and helps to practically rank risks.

Sending and processing ARP requests/responses using BPF (updated)

Blog post ⋮ November 2020

Being between layers 2 and 3, ARP is handled by the operating system; but it can be useful to control ARP for checking ARP cache validity or finding hosts. BPF allows you to do so on BSD systems.

Secure networks for small enterprises

Video ⋮ November 2020

Every fourth small enterprise has no form of cyberprotection. The root problem is the lack of security at the network level. Our value proposition in 45 seconds.

Prevent your OpenBSD shared-memory objects from being axed by daily(8)

Blog post ⋮ June 2020

The temporary files that underly shared-memory objects will be destroyed by system maintenance after a week, unless you update file times to prevent this.

Building an OpenBSD VPN server with iked and OpenSSL

Blog post ⋮ April 2020

OpenBSD comes with a great IKEv2 server: iked. But the front-end ikectl has its limitations. It is easy to run iked with the underlying OpenSSL directly.

Secure email using S/MIME is nowadays easy to use on all platforms and free of charge

Infographic ⋮ February 2019

Still, only a minority encrypts its email, although the process to do so is natively supported by all common email clients. It does not require much to understand how to send email confidentially and how to ensure, that incoming messages are real.

Network diagram legend

Data sheet ⋮ January 2019

Overview of network diagram symbols with meaning and proposed annotations.

Standardised symbology for network diagrams

White paper ⋮ January 2019

Every technical disciplin has its own standardised symbology — only network technology so far does not. Circle Networks now introduces uniform symbols for network diagrams.

Enterprise cloud usage is growing despite security doubts, yet low-hanging fruit is not being picked

Infographic ⋮ October 2018

Companies expect the cloud to increase flexibility and to reduce cost. Security however is a reason for concern and is blocking a larger proliferation. There are simple measures, but often enough, they are not applied.

German SMEs want to become more cybersecure, but face technology and skill challenges

Infographic ⋮ April 2018

Small and medium-sized enterprises in Germany are generally aware of the risks of cybercrime, but many have little or no security measures in place. There is a clear correlation with the difficulty to find the right people.